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Ist die Schweizer Förderung des biologischen Landbaus über Flächenbeiträge volkswirtschaftlich sinnvoll?

Schader, Christian; Sanders, Jürn; Lampkin, Nic and Stolze, Matthias (2011) Ist die Schweizer Förderung des biologischen Landbaus über Flächenbeiträge volkswirtschaftlich sinnvoll? [Are the Swiss direct payments for organic farms an efficient way to pursue environmental policy targets?] Paper at: 11. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Gießen, 15.-18. März 2011.

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Summary

The aim of this paper was to calculate the cost-effectiveness of organic farming in achieving environmental policy targets compared to single-agri-environmental policies. Taking the Swiss agricultural sector as an empirical case study, both the costs and effects of organic farming and other single agri-environmental measures were calculated at sector level. Therefore, the economic sector model FARMIS was extended by three modules encompassing a) life cycle assessments for fossil energy use, biodiversity and eutrophication, b) public expenditure, including policy-related transaction costs, and c) uptake of agri-environmental policies. The calculations revealed a slightly higher abatement cost with organic farming of 14 CHF/ha for a 1 % average improvement in the environmental indicators, compared to a combination of three single agri-environmental policies (11 CHF/ha), including both extensification of arable land and meadows. In view of total public expenditure on agriculture of 2 to 3 kCHF per ha in Switzerland, these differences can be understood as marginal. Thus it is concluded that financial support for organic farms in Switzerland is economically sound in view of the provision of public goods.

Summary translation

The aim of this paper was to calculate the cost-effectiveness of organic farming in achieving environmental policy targets compared to single-agri-environmental policies. Taking the Swiss agricultural sector as an empirical case study, both the costs and effects of organic farming and other single agri-environmental measures were calculated at sector level. Therefore, the economic sector model FARMIS was extended by three modules encompassing a) life cycle assessments for fossil energy use, biodiversity and eutrophication, b) public expenditure, including policy-related transaction costs, and c) uptake of agri-environmental policies. The calculations revealed a slightly higher abatement cost with organic farming of 14 CHF/ha for a 1 % average improvement in the environmental indicators, compared to a combination of three single agri-environmental policies (11 CHF/ha), including both extensification of arable land and meadows. In view of total public expenditure on agriculture of 2 to 3 kCHF per ha in Switzerland, these differences can be understood as marginal. Thus it is concluded that financial support for organic farms in Switzerland is economically sound in view of the provision of public goods.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:cost-effectiveness evaluation, life cycle assessment, economic modelling
Subjects: Food systems > Policy environments and social economy
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2011: Scientific Conference on Organic Agriculture > Sozioökonomie > Politische Rahmenbedingungen
Related Links:http://www.wissenschaftstagung.de/, http://www.verlag-koester.de/buch.php?id=735&suche=11.%20wissenschaftstagung&fb_id=s
Deposited By: Schader, Dr. Christian
ID Code:17542
Deposited On:17 Jun 2011 13:11
Last Modified:17 Jun 2011 13:11
Document Language:German - Deutsch
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:Dieser Beitrag ist im Tagungsbandes der 11. Wissenschaftstagung erschienen.
Leithold, G.; Becker, K.; Brock, C.; Fischinger, S.; Spiegel, A.-K.; Spory, K.; Wilbois, K.-P. und Williges, U. (Hrsg.) (2011):
Es geht ums Ganze: Forschen im Dialog von Wissenschaft und Praxis
Beiträge zur 11. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, 15.-18. März 2011
Band 1: Boden, Pflanze, Umwelt, Lebensmittel und Produktqualität
Band 2: Tierproduktion, Sozioökonomie
Verlag Dr. Köster, Berlin.
Der Tagungsband kann über den Verlag Dr. Köster bezogen werden; siehe: http://verlag-koester.de/buch.php?id=735&fb_id=37

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