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Wirkung verschiedener Leguminosen als Untersaat im Vergleich zur Stoppelsaat auf Ertrag und Qualität der Deckfrucht Winterroggen und der Folgefrucht Hafer

Urbatzka, Peer; Cais, Kathrin; Salzeder, Georg and Wiesinger, Klaus (2011) Wirkung verschiedener Leguminosen als Untersaat im Vergleich zur Stoppelsaat auf Ertrag und Qualität der Deckfrucht Winterroggen und der Folgefrucht Hafer. Paper at: 11. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Gießen, 16.-18. März 2011.

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Summary

Leguminous cover crops are one important source of nitrogen in organic stockless farming. Therefore the influence of six legume species in pure stands and one grass-clover mixture on grain yield and quality of the undersown winter rye and of the succeeding crop spring oat was examined. Three field trials were conducted at one experimental site in southern Bavaria (2005/06/07 until 2007/08/09; in 2005/06/07 only three of six leguminous undersowings). Additionally, after the harvest of rye two stubble seeds (clover in pure and mixed stands with vetch and mustard) and a control (rye without cover crop) were established in each year.
The cash crop was not affected by the undersown variants with respect to grain yield and quality. However, grain yield of the subsequent oat was generally higher after cover crops compared to the control. Thereby the grain yield after black medick, white or red clover in the undersown variants was significantly higher than after the stubble seeds and after the grass-clover mixture in one and two of three years, respectively. Furthermore the crude protein content of oat was positively affected after all undersown variants in contrast to the variants stubble seed.
The cash crop was not affected by the undersown variants with respect to grain yield and quality. However, grain yield of the subsequent oat was generally higher after cover crops compared to the control. Thereby the grain yield after black medick, white or red clover in the undersown variants was higher than after the stubble seeds and after the grass-clover mixture in one and two of three years, respectively. Furthermore the crude protein content of oat was positively affected after all undersown variants in contrast to the variants stubble seed.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:legume, green manure, undersowing, cover crop, preceding crop effect
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2011: Scientific Conference on Organic Agriculture > Pflanze und Boden > Fruchtfolge, Leguminosen, N2-Fixierung
Related Links:http://www.wissenschaftstagung.de/, http://www.verlag-koester.de/buch.php?id=735&suche=11.%20wissenschaftstagung&fb_id=s
Deposited By: Urbatzka, Dr. Peer
ID Code:17507
Deposited On:20 Jun 2011 07:44
Last Modified:11 Jul 2011 08:10
Document Language:German - Deutsch
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:Dieser Beitrag ist im Tagungsbandes der 11. Wissenschaftstagung erschienen.
Leithold, G.; Becker, K.; Brock, C.; Fischinger, S.; Spiegel, A.-K.; Spory, K.; Wilbois, K.-P. und Williges, U. (Hrsg.) (2011):
Es geht ums Ganze: Forschen im Dialog von Wissenschaft und Praxis
Beiträge zur 11. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, 15.-18. März 2011
Band 1: Boden, Pflanze, Umwelt, Lebensmittel und Produktqualität
Band 2: Tierproduktion, Sozioökonomie
Verlag Dr. Köster, Berlin.
Der Tagungsband kann über den Verlag Dr. Köster bezogen werden; siehe: http://verlag-koester.de/buch.php?id=735&fb_id=37

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