Lambion, Jérôme and Boisnard, Anne (2009) Biodiversité fonctionnelle en maraîchage biologique : mise en place de bandes florales pour favoriser les punaises prédatrices - compte-rendu d'essai 2009. [Functional biodiversity in organic vegetable production : how to enhance predatory mirid bugs with wildflower strips ? Annual report 2009.] GRAB.
Functional biodiversity can be enhanced by settling, in the crops surroundings, specific vegetal species that will increase the occurrence of beneficial insects, by providing shelters, and alternative preys. This technique, also called biological control by habitat manipulation, was adapted in Southern France to control spider mites (Tetranychus urticae), and white flies (Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Bemisia tabaci) using two predatory mirid bugs Macrolophus melanotoma (form. caliginosus) and Dicyphus errans.
Trials started in 2007, with a first step consisting in selecting adapted host-plants for these two mirids. 22 species of host-plants have been sown in strips between greenhouses at the experimental station of GRAB (Avignon – Provence). Germination rate, competition with weeds have been evaluated. Exhaustive samples of insects on these host-plants have been realised. The ratio [number of predators / number of phytophagous] has been calculated, and the number of predatory mirid bugs evaluated.
Dittrichia viscosa and Calendula officinalis appeared to be the most promising species, considering their rusticity, their high ratio [predators/phytophagous] and their ability to shelter Macrolophus and Dicyphus. These 2 species were sown in 2009 in 3 different production sites around Avignon.
|Keywords:||Dicyphus, Macrolophus, mirids, functional biodiversity|
|Subjects:||Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection|
|Research affiliation:||France > GRAB - Groupe de Recherche en Agriculture biologique|
|Deposited By:||Lambion, Ing. Jérôme|
|Deposited On:||10 Jun 2010 07:03|
|Last Modified:||10 Jun 2010 07:03|
|Document Language:||French - Francais|
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