home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

Weed occurrence in Finnish coastal regions: a survey of organically cropped spring cereals

Riesinger, Paul and Hyvönen, Terho (2006) Weed occurrence in Finnish coastal regions: a survey of organically cropped spring cereals. Agricultural and Food Science, 15 (2), pp. 166-182.

PDF - Published Version - English

Online at: http://www.mtt.fi/afs/pdf/mtt-afs-v15n2p166.pdf


Weed communities of organically cropped spring cereal stands in the southern and the northwestern coastal regions of Finland (= south and northwest, respectively) were compared with respect to number of species, frequency of occurrence, density and dry weight. Regional specialization of agricultural production along with differences in climate and soil properties were expected to generate differences in weed communities between south and northwest. Total and average numbers of species were higher in the south than in the northwest (33 vs. 26 and 15.6 vs. 10.0, respectively). Some rare species (e.g. Papaver dubium) were found in the south. Fumaria officinalis and Lamium spp. were found only in the south. The densities and dry weights of Lapsana communis, Myosotis arvensis, Polygonum aviculare, Tripleurospermum inodorum and Vicia spp. were higher in the south, while the densities and dry weights of Elymus repens, Persicaria spp. and Spergula arvensis were higher in the northwest. Total density of weeds did not differ between south and northwest (average = 565 vs. 570 shoots m-2, respectively). Total dry weight of weeds was higher in the northwest compared with the south (average = 1594 vs. 697 kg ha-1, respectively), mainly due to the high dry weight of E. repens. The only variable that was dependent on the duration of organic farming was weed density in the south. The abundance of nitrophilous in relation to non-nitrophilous weed species was higher while the abundance of perennial ruderal and grassland weed species was lower compared with previous weed surveys. This can be regarded as the result of increasing cropping intensity on organic farms in Finland. Different weed communities call for the application of specific target-oriented weed management in the respective coastal regions.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:cereals, coastal regions, farm case studies, Finland, organic farming, weed flora, weed management, weed occurrence
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: Finland > Univ. Helsinki
Finland > Luke Natural Resources Institute
Deposited By: Koistinen, Riitta
ID Code:17086
Deposited On:06 May 2010 11:57
Last Modified:06 May 2010 11:57
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

Repository Staff Only: item control page