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Characterization of progesterone profiles in fall-calving Norwegian Red cows

Garmo, Randi T.; Martin, A.D.; Thuen, E.; Havrevoll, Ø.; Steinshamn, H.; Prestløkken, E.; Randby, Å.; Eknæs, M.; Waldmann, A. and Reksen, O. (2009) Characterization of progesterone profiles in fall-calving Norwegian Red cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 92, pp. 4919-4928.

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Summary

Progesterone profiles in Norwegian Red cows were categorized, and associations between the occurrence of irregularities in the profiles and the commencement of luteal activity were investigated. The cows were managed in 3 feeding trials from 1994 to 2001 and from 2005 to 2008 at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. The cows were followed from calving, and the milk samples collected represented 502 lactations from 302 cows. Milk samples for progesterone analysis were taken 3 times weekly from 1994 throughout 1998 and from 2005 to 2008 and 2 times weekly from 1999 to 2001. Commencement of luteal activity was defined as the first day of 2 consecutive measurements of progesterone concentration ≥3 ng/mL not earlier than 10 d
after calving. Delayed ovulation type I was defined as consistently low progesterone concentration, <3 ng/mL for ≥50 d postpartum. Delayed ovulation type II was defined as prolonged interluteal interval with milk progesterone measurements <3 ng/mL for ≥12 d between 2 luteal phases. Persistent corpus luteum (PCL) type I was defined as delayed luteolysis with milk progesterone ≥3 ng/mL for ≥19 d during the first estrous cycle postpartum. Persistent corpus luteum type II was defined as delayed luteolysis with milk progesterone ≥3 ng/mL for ≥19 d during subsequent estrous cycles before first artificial insemination.Delayed ovulation type I was present in 14.7%, delayed ovulation type II in 2.8%,PCL type I in 6.7%, and PCL type II in 3.3% of the profiles. Commencement of luteal activity was related
to milk yield, parity, PCL type I, and the summated occurrence of PCL type I and II. The least squares means for the interval to commencement of luteal activity were 24.2 d when PCL type I and II were present and 29.5 d when PCL type I and II were absent. The likelihood of pregnancy to first service was not affected in cows with a history of PCL when artificial insemination was carried out at progesterone concentrations <3 ng/mL (i.e., during estrus); however, cows that had experienced PCL were more likely to be inseminated during a luteal phase. The occurrence of delayed ovulation and PCL in Norwegian Red cows was less than that reported in most other dairy populations


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:progesterone profile, fertility, pregnancy,dairy cow
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Dairy cattle
Animal husbandry > Production systems
Animal husbandry
Animal husbandry > Breeding and genetics
Research affiliation: Norway > UMB - Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Norway > Bioforsk - Norwegian Institute for Agriculture and Environmental Research > Bioforsk Organic Food and Farming Division
Norway > NVH - Norwegian School of Veterinary Science
Norway > Other organizations
Deposited By: Steinshamn, Dr Håvard
ID Code:16851
Deposited On:18 Mar 2010 12:33
Last Modified:07 Apr 2011 13:22
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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