Moorby, J. M.; Lee, M.R.F.; Davies, D.R.; Kim, E.J.; Nute, G.R.; Ellis, N.M. and Scollan, N.D. (2009) Assessment of dietary ratios of red clover and grass silages on milk production and milk quality in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 92, pp. 1148-1160.
Twenty-four multiparous Holstein-Friesian dairy cows were used in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square changeover design experiment to test the effects of changing from ryegrass (Lolium perenne) silage to red clover (Trifolium pratense) silage in graded proportions on feed intakes, milk production, milk organoleptic qualities, and whole-body nitrogen partitioning. Four dietary treatments, comprising ad libitum access to 1 of 4 forage mixtures plus a standard allowance of 4 kg/d dairy concentrates, were offered. The 4 forage mixtures were, on a dry matter (DM) basis: 1) 100% grass silage, 2) 66% grass silage: 34% red clover silage, 3) 34% grass silage: 66% red clover silage, and 4) 100% red clover silage. In each of 4 experimental periods, there were 21 d for adaptation to diets and 7 d for measurements.
There was an increase in both DM intakes and milk yields as the proportion of red clover in the diet increased.
However, the increase in milk yield was not as great as the increase in DM intake, so that the efficiency of milk production, in terms of yield (kg) of milk per kg of DM intake, decreased. The concentrations of protein, milk fat, and the shorter chain saturated fatty acids decreased, whereas C18 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and long-chain PUFA (C20+) increased as the proportion of red clover in the diet increased.
There was little effect of dietary treatment on the organoleptic qualities of milk as assessed by taste panel analysis. There were no effects on the aroma of milk, on aftertaste, or overall liking of the milk. Milk was thicker and creamier in color when cows were fed grass silage compared with red clover silage. The flavor of milk was largely unaffected by dietary treatment. In conclusion, increasing the proportion of red clover in the diet of dairy cows increased feed intakes and milk yields, decreased the concentration of fat and protein in milk, increased PUFA for healthiness, and had little effect on milk organoleptic characteristics.
|EPrint Type:||Journal paper|
|Type of presentation:||Poster|
|Keywords:||milk fatty acids, nitrogen balance, organoleptic, quality, red clover silage|
|Subjects:|| Animal husbandry > Production systems > Dairy cattle|
Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
|Research affiliation:|| UK > Univ. Aberystwyth > Institute for Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS)|
European Union > QualityLowInputFood > Subproject 4: Livestock production systems
|Deposited By:||Moorby, Dr Jon|
|Deposited On:||19 Aug 2009|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2010 07:39|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
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