Østergård, H.; Kristensen, K.; Pinnschmidt, H.O.; Hansen, P.K. and Hovmøller, M.S. (2008) Predicting spring barley yield from variety-specific yield potential, disease resistance and straw length, and from environment-specific disease loads and weed pressure. Euphytica, 163, pp. 391-408.
Abstract For low-input crop production, well-characterised varieties increase the possibilities of managing diseases and weeds. This analysis aims at developing a framework for analyzing grain yield using external varietal information about disease resistance, weed competitiveness and yield potential and quantifying the impact of susceptibility grouping and straw length scores (as a measure for weed competitiveness) for predicting spring barley grain yield under variable biotic stress levels. The study
comprised 52 spring barley varieties and 17 environments, i.e., combinations of location, growing system and year. Individual varieties and their interactions with environments were analysed by factorial regression of grain yield on external variety information combined with observed environmental disease loads and weed pressure. The external information was based on the official Danish VCU testing. The most parsimonious models explained about 50% of the yield variation among varieties including genotypeenvironment interactions. Disease resistance characteristics of varieties, weighted with disease loads of powdery mildew, leaf rust and net blotch, respectively, had a highly significant influence on grain yield. The extend to which increased susceptibility resulted in increased yield losses in environments with high disease loads of the respective diseases was predicted. The effect of externally determined straw length scores, weighted with weed pressure, was weaker although significant for weeds with creeping growth habit. Higher grain yield was thus predicted for taller plants under weed pressure. The results are discussed in relation to the model ramework, impact of the considered traits and use of information from conventional variety testing in organic cropping systems.
|EPrint Type:||Journal paper|
|Keywords:||barley, variety testing, disease resistance, genotype-environment interactions|
|Subjects:|| Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection|
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
|Research affiliation:|| Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > VI.2 (BAR_OF) Characteristics of spring barley varieties for organic farming|
Denmark > DTU, RISØ - Risø National Laboratory
|Deposited By:||Østergård, Professor Hanne|
|Deposited On:||14 Nov 2008|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2010 07:38|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
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