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Effects of burying and removing dead leaves from the ground on the development of scab epidemics in an apple organic orchard.

Gomez, C.; Brun, L.; Chauffour, D.; de Le Vallée, D. and Rolland, E. (2004) Effects of burying and removing dead leaves from the ground on the development of scab epidemics in an apple organic orchard. In: Boos, Markus (Ed.) Ecofruit - 11th International Conference on Cultivation Technique and Phytopathological Problems in Organic Fruit-Growing: Proceedings to the Conference from 3rd February to 5th February 2004 at Weinsberg/Germany, p. 212.

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Summary

Ascospores produced on scabbed leaves in the leaf litter constitute the primary
inoculum causing scab infections in apple orchards during the year. The trial, carried
out in a commercial organic orchard, permitted to evaluate the effects of the
removal of dead leaves located on the inter-row supplemented by the ploughing in of
the leaves left on the row, on the development of scab epidemics. From the first
recorded contamination to harvest time, lesions on leaves and fruits were counted to
determine reduction in disease incidence and severity, compared with the untreated
plots. Disease severity as a function of the distance from the untreated plot was also
observed, to evaluate the spore dispersal gradient within the orchard. The results
show that the ploughing in and the removal of the litter reduced disease incidence by
62% on leaves, and by almost 82% on fruits to harvest. Moreover, measurements of
the dispersal gradient show that the spores do not disperse, or little, beyond 20m of
the untreated zone.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2006: Ecofruit
Related Links:http://www.ecofruit.net
Deposited By: Tagung, Ecofruit
ID Code:14541
Deposited On:18 Sep 2008
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:38
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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