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Gene Flow Between Rapeseed Fields: A Meta-analysis of Available Data

Damgaard, PhD Christian and Kjellsson, PhD Gösta (2003) Gene Flow Between Rapeseed Fields: A Meta-analysis of Available Data. Working paper, Terrestrial Ecology, National Environmental Research Institute. [Unpublished]

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Summary

1. The probability distribution that seeds of organically farmed oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) are pollinated by pollen grain produced in a neighbouring field of genetically modified oilseed rape is calculated based on a meta-analysis of available gene-flow data.
2. The probability of foreign pollination is modelled as functions of the width of the pollen receiving field and the distance to the pollen donor fields.
3. The significance of using a buffer zone (i.e. a 1-5 m broad border of the organic field, which is excluded from the harvest) to reduce GM-pollination of the crop, is quantified and discussed.
4. Quantitative estimates of the probability of foreign GM-pollination are relevant to organic and conventional farmers in order to suggest minimum isolation distances and other management strategies to keep GM-pollination below threshold values for fields situated near conspecific GM-crops. A 95% credibility level of the gene dispersal from a GM oilseed rape into another rape field is calculated as a function of e.g. the isolation distance between fields. Analysis of different management strategies shows that an increasing isolation distance is more effective to reduce GM pollen dispersal than the use of a buffer zone, especially for small organic fields. If the width of the organic and conventional field can be increased, this has the overall largest effect in reducing the level of GM-pollination from pollen.


EPrint Type:Working paper
Keywords:Brassica napus L., coexistence of agriculture, gene flow, genetically modified organism, management, organic farming, pollen dispersal.
Subjects: Values, standards and certification > Technology assessment
Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Farming Systems
"Organics" in general
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > VI.3 (TOPRO) Tool for protection against contamination by GMO
Deposited By: Kjellsson, Senior Adviser, PhD Gösta
ID Code:1434
Deposited On:01 Oct 2003
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:28
Document Language:English
Status:Unpublished
Refereed:Submitted for peer-review but not yet accepted

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