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Erarbeitung von Schwellenwerten zur gezielten Bekämpfung von Zwergsteinbrand (Tilletia controversa) und Steinbrand (Tilletia caries) sowie deren praktische Umsetzung im Öko- Landbau

Dressler, Markus; Sedlmeier, Berta; Voit, Benno; Büttner, Peter and Killermann, Berta (2009) Erarbeitung von Schwellenwerten zur gezielten Bekämpfung von Zwergsteinbrand (Tilletia controversa) und Steinbrand (Tilletia caries) sowie deren praktische Umsetzung im Öko- Landbau. [Elaboration of threshold values for efficient control of dwarf bunt (Tilletia controversa) and common bunt of wheat (Tilletia caries) and their transformation into practice in organic farming.] Poster at: 10. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Zürich, 11.-13. Februar 2009.

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Summary

Dwarf bunt of wheat (Tilletia controversa) and common bunt of wheat (Tilletia caries)
are the most important pathogens in organic cereal production. The aim of this
research work is to find out whether a threshold value for seed is sufficient or whether
the infection potential in the soil must be considered additionally.
For dwarf bunt of wheat two-years-lasting field trials are performed at 3 sites with
susceptible and low-susceptible wheat and spelt cultivars, 4 infection levels and 4
replications. The field trials are designed in a randomized split-block design with
additional marginal-plots, so (1) sowing and harvest will be possible without greater
interaction between the field plots, (2) spore contamination of the soil during harvest
will be assured and (3) the determination of spore inoculum density in the soil after
harvest will be enabled. Only fields with natural spore contamination are chosen. The
field trials for common bunt of wheat are carried out in a similar design with 4
replicates at 4 sites with susceptible and low-susceptible wheat cultivars and two
different sowing times.
For an infestation with dwarf bunt of wheat, diffuse light is sufficient. The wheat
cultivar Capo showed a significantly lower infestation than the cultivar Saturnus. The
infestation of the spelt cultivar Franckenkorn was significantly lower than that of the
cultivar Oberkulmer Rotkorn, with the infestation of spelt cultivars being in principle
lower because of morphological features. The greatest significant number of infested
spikes per m² was found in the variant soil infection. With the dwarf bunt of wheat
results from the first year no threshold values can be determined neither for seed nor
for soil.
In the case of infestation with common bunt of wheat, there were no significant
differences between the early and late sowing dates, nor between the cultivars Capo
and Tommi. The highest bunt spore potential in the soil was found at the field trial site
in Saxony; however, the highest number of infested spikes per m² was not found
there.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:Zwergsteinbrand, Steinbrand, Saatgut, Schwellenwert, Boden
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2009: Scientific Conference on Organic Agriculture > Pflanze und Boden > Pflanzengesundheit
Related Links:http://www.wissenschaftstagung.de/, http://www.verlag-koester.de/buch.php?id=645&start=0&fb_id=37
Deposited By: Dressler, Dipl. Ing. agr. Markus
ID Code:14193
Deposited On:15 Apr 2009
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:37
Document Language:German - Deutsch
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:Dieser Beitrag ist im Tagungsband der 10. Wissenschaftagung erschienen:
Mayer, J.; Alföldi, T.; Leiber, F.; Dubois, D.; Fried, P.; Heckendorn, F.; Hillmann, E.; Klocke, P.; Lüscher, A.; Riedel, S.; Stolze, M.; Strasser, F.; van der Heijden, M. and Willer, H., (Hrsg.) (2009) Werte – Wege – Wirkungen: Biolandbau im Spannungsfeld zwischen Ernährungssicherung, Markt und Klimawandel. Beiträge zur 10. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Zürich, 11.-13. Februar 2009.
Band 1: Boden, Pflanzenbau, Agrartechnik, Umwelt- und Naturschutz, Biolandbau international, Wissensmanagement
Band 2: Tierhaltung, Agrarpolitik und Betriebswirtschaft, Märkte und Lebensmittel.
Verlag Dr. Köster, Berlin.
Der Tagungsband kann beim Verlag Dr. Köster bezogen werden; siehe http://www.verlag-koester.de/buch.php?id=645&start=0&fb_id=37

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