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Soil sulphur status following long-term annual application of animal manure and mineral fertilizers.

Eriksen, Jørgen and Mortensen, Jørgen (1999) Soil sulphur status following long-term annual application of animal manure and mineral fertilizers. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 28, pp. 416-421.

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Summary

In agricultural systems with low S inputs, crops rely on the release of S from organic forms in the soil. In the Askov long-term experiments, started in 1894 on both sandy and loamy soils, was investigated the soil S status following long-term application of animal manure and mineral fertilizers in the growing season of 1995. In a field trial with oil-seed rape (Brassica napus, L.) soil analysis, leaf tissue analysis, yield and S-removal in plant material was used to characterize differences in availability of soil S. One half of all plots had 63 kg S/ha as gypsum applied. Fertilization with animal manure or NPK fertilizer increased the content of soil organic C compared with unfertilized plots. This increase was followed by a similar build-up of organic S in the sandy soil. Although dry matter yields were uneffected, the S uptake in harvested crop parts increased considerable by S application. The amount of N and S in harvested seeds and straw were closely related, but with higher S uptake per unit N were S was applied. Soil and plant analysis both indicated that critical levels of S concentrations were reached, and that S application was capable of raising S concentrations well above the critical level. Since no additional mineralization from residual organic S took place, it was concluded that the residual S effect from successive annual applications of animal manure or mineral fertilizers did not increase significantly the level of soil S available for a crop like oilseed rape, with a short growing season, compared with unfertilized plots.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Soil > Nutrient turnover
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF I (1996-2001) > IV.1 Availability and utilisation of potassium, phosphorus and sulphur
Deposited By: Eriksen, Senior scientist Jørgen
ID Code:141
Deposited On:11 Oct 2002
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:27
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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