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Experience with new fireblight resistant rootstocks in South Germany

Ruess, Franz (2006) Experience with new fireblight resistant rootstocks in South Germany. [Erfahrungen mit neuen feuerbrandresistenten Unterlagen in Süddeutschland.] In: Boos, Markus (Ed.) Ecofruit - 12th International Conference on Cultivation Technique and Phytopathological Problems in Organic Fruit-Growing: Proceedings to the Conference from 31st January to 2nd February 2006 at Weinsberg/Germany, pp. 161-164.

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Summary

Fireblight (Erwinia amylovora) was detected on rootstocks in several apple orchards in Baden-Württemberg.
In Germany the mostly used rootstocks on apple ‘M9’ and ‘M26’ are known to be susceptible to fire blight.
Therefore the LVWO Weinsberg participated in the “European Cornell-Geneva rootstocks trial” which is a
common experiment of seven research institutes over whole Europe. Six fire blight resistant or tolerant rootstocks
from the Geneva® breeding program were tested in comparison to ‘M9’ (Type T337 and Pajam 2).
The variety was ‘Golden Delicious’ and the trees were planted in 2001 . An outstanding new rootstock was
‘Geneva® 11’. The tree size was similar to ‘M9’ (above 7% more growth in comparison to ‘T337’). Besides
that the influence on the fruit size is positive (bigger fruits) and the relationship yield to growth (kg/cm2 trunk
diameter) better than on ‘M9’. A further interesting new rootstock is Geneva® 41 which is in tree size similar
to ‘M26’. It’s efficiency was as good as ‘M9’ and the fruit size was better. The Geneva® rootstocks seem to
be better adapted to the hot climate and dry soil conditions of the Neckar region than ‘M9’. Alternate bearing
could not be seen until today, but might be a problem in 2006 because of heavy bearing in 2005. Further
experiments concerning the influence of those rootstocks on the colouring of fruits will follow.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:apple, rootstock, fire blight resistance
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2006: Ecofruit
Related Links:http://www.ecofruit.net
Deposited By: Tagung, Ecofruit
ID Code:13855
Deposited On:18 Sep 2008
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:37
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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