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Organic agriculture: an empowering development strategy for small-scale farmers? A Cambodian case study

Beban-France, Alice (2008) Organic agriculture: an empowering development strategy for small-scale farmers? A Cambodian case study. Thesis, Massey University, Aotearoa New Zealand, Institute of Development Studies. . [Unpublished]

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Summary

This study explores claims that organic agriculture may be an empowering development strategy by investigating the impacts of conversion to organic farming systems on the lives of small-scale farmers in Cambodia. The thesis interrogates the diverse uses and abuses of the term ‘empowerment’ in development rhetoric and argues for an empowerment model that is derived from farmers’ self-defined concepts of development. This model was used to conduct a qualitative case study involving semi-structured interviews and focus groups with members of organics initiatives in seven diverse Cambodian communities.
Results indicate that many farmers in all communities felt that their most important objective was not only to achieve food security, but to achieve 'food sovereignty' by being able to grow sufficient rice to feed their family. Farmers joined the organics initiatives primarily to improve their health and reduce the cost of farming inputs. As a result of joining the initiatives, all farmers (including both certified and non-certified organic farmers) felt they had improved their health and food security. Most farmers also increased incomes, created stronger family and community ties and felt they had more control over their livelihoods. These benefits were not, however, distributed equally amongst individuals or communities. Very poor and isolated farmers could not generally access benefits. The three main factors that determined the impact of the organics initiatives on farmer empowerment were identified as: the individual’s level of resources, the strength of the farmer group, and the policies and values of the supporting organisation.
The implications for future initiatives are, firstly, the tremendous potential for farmers and wider rural communities to benefit from organic agriculture as a development strategy. However, this study also shows that if organics is to be viable for low-resource people, it may be necessary to promote both resources and techniques in organics initiatives. Also, a focus on building strong relationships both within the farmers group and linkages with local and wider stakeholders may enhance long-term sustainability of organics initiatives.


EPrint Type:Thesis
Thesis Type:Master thesis
Keywords:organic agriculture, empowerment, Cambodia, development, well being, small-scale, poverty, NGO, qualitative, food security, food sovereignty
Subjects:"Organics" in general > Country reports
Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
"Organics" in general
Research affiliation: New Zealand > Massey University
Deposited By: Beban, Alice
ID Code:13687
Deposited On:07 Jul 2008
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:37
Document Language:English
Status:Unpublished
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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