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Improving control of storage diseases on apple by combining biological and physical post-harvest methods

Vorstermans, B.; Van Laer, S.; Creemers, P.; Jijakli, H. and Pujos, P. (2008) Improving control of storage diseases on apple by combining biological and physical post-harvest methods. In: Boos, Markus (Ed.) Ecofruit - 13th International Conference on Cultivation Technique and Phytopathological Problems in Organic Fruit-Growing: Proceedings to the Conference from 18thFebruary to 20th February 2008 at Weinsberg/Germany, pp. 172-176.

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Summary

Post-harvest non-chemical treatments consists of a large range of different approaches,
including strengthening of the commodity’s natural defence mechanisms, thermotherapy,
application of antagonistic microorganisms and natural antimicrobial substances.
NEX0101 is a promising antagonistic biocontrol agent containing the yeast Candida
oleophila as the active ingredient. NEX0101 was developed by Bionext, a spin-off from the
laboratory of Dr. H. Jijakli, and is currently evaluated for commercial use. The product
contains a yeast strain isolated from apple fruit and was originally developed for the control
of post-harvest diseases on apple. The antifungal effectiveness of this antagonist can be
increased by addition of calcium salts. As the mode of action of this yeast is based on the
colonisation of wounds, the mean targets of NEX0101 are blue mould, caused by
Penicillium expansum, and grey mould, caused by Botrytis cinerea. Facing possible latent
infections, thermotherapy by using hot water treatments could provide an advanced control
towards lenticelrot (Gloeosporium spp.). A combination of both physical and biological
treatment techniques could broaden the spectrum to all key pathogens on apple and pear.
The use of NEX0101 for the control of P. expansum was examined in combination with
calcium gluconate. According to the results the combination NEX0101 with calcium
gluconate provides an advanced mould control towards P. expansum The best results
were achieved using NEX0101 in combination with post-harvest dipping by thermotherapy.
The hot water treatment alone was clearly inefficient towards wound parasite P.
expansum, on the contrary thermotherapy stimulates the decay caused by this postharvest
pathogen. For the future a combination of biological and physical treatments could offer a
worthy non-chemical alternative for organic and integrated fruit growers towards fruit rot
decay, although more research is necessary to implement these methods in practice.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:Botrytis, Penicillium, storage
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2008: Ecofruit
Related Links:http://www.ecofruit.net
Deposited By: Tagung, Ecofruit
ID Code:13667
Deposited On:24 Jul 2008
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:37
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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