Daniel, C. and Wyss, E. (2008) Field applications of entomopathogenic fungi against Rhagoletis cerasi. In: Boos, Markus (Ed.) Ecofruit - 13th International Conference on Cultivation Technique and Phytopathological Problems in Organic Fruit-Growing: Proceedings to the Conference from 18thFebruary to 20th February 2008 at Weinsberg/Germany, pp. 87-92.
Two myco-insecticides, Naturalis-L (Beauveria bassiana) and PreFeRal®WG
(Paecilomyces fumosoroseus), were applied against adult R. cerasi (Diptera: Tephritidae)
in two orchards in north-western Switzerland in summer 2006. Both products were applied
at a concentration of 5.75x104 CFU / ml. With four applications at seven day intervals the
whole flight period of R. cerasi was fully covered. During this period (5th June – 6th July)
the temperature averaged 19.2°C, total precipitation was 60 mm. Under these conditions
Naturalis-L significantly reduced the number of damaged fruit (efficacy: 69-74%), whereas
damage was not significantly reduced with PreFeRal®WG (efficacy: 27%). Fungus
infested flies were found on the yellow sticky traps proving that the myco-insecticides
worked as predicted.
Climatic conditions were different in 2007: temperature averaged 15.9°C (16th May – 4th
July), total precipitation was 281 mm. In 2007 only Naturalis-L was tested: with five
applications an efficacy of 73% and 78% was obtained on the cherry varieties Langstieler
and Dolleseppler, respectively. However, for the latest ripening and most infested variety
Schauenburger only an efficacy of 18% was observed. In these cherries a high number of
young larvae were found indicating that the efficacy was low at the end of the treatment
period. In conclusion a control of R. cerasi with myco-insecticides seems possible.
However, application regime still has to be improved and should not only be adapted to the
flight period of R. cerasi, but also to the cherry varieties.
|EPrint Type:||Conference paper, poster, etc.|
|Type of presentation:||Paper|
|Keywords:||Rhagoletis cerasi, Biocontrol, Beauveria bassiana, Paecilomyces fumosoroseus|
|Subjects:|| Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection|
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
|Research affiliation:|| Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Entomolgy|
International Conferences > 2008: Ecofruit
|Deposited By:||Tagung, Ecofruit|
|Deposited On:||24 Jul 2008|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2010 07:37|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
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