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New approaches in biological control of apple scab

Köhl, J. (2008) New approaches in biological control of apple scab. In: Boos, Markus (Ed.) Ecofruit - 13th International Conference on Cultivation Technique and Phytopathological Problems in Organic Fruit-Growing: Proceedings to the Conference from 18thFebruary to 20th February 2008 at Weinsberg/Germany, pp. 23-28.

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Summary

Apple scab caused by Venturia inaequalis is a major disease in apple production. In
organic farming scab control depends on the use of fungicides based on copper or
sulphur. Since the use of copper will be restricted in the European Union and the use of
sulphur often leads to insufficient control and phytotoxicity, alternative control measures
are needed. The use of microbial antagonists may be an alternative to fungicides for scab
control.
Scab epidemics during summer are driven by conidia produced only on apple leaves. In
this situation, antagonists present in the phyllosphere may interfere with conidia of the
pathogen during sporulation or infection. Within the EU-funded project REPCO, more than
hundred fungi were isolated from sporulating scab colonies and tested on apple seedlings
for their potential to reduce sporulation of the pathogen. Since the aim of the study was to
contribute to the development of a biocontrol product, only candidates were selected which
fulfilled a range of additional criteria considering major constraints in development of
biocontrol products. The best antagonists were applied under orchard conditions during
two growing seasons. The antagonist H39 significantly reduced sporulation of V.
inaequalis after most applications. However, in a few cases no effect was found.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:apple scab, biological control, antagonist, mass production, shelf life
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2008: Ecofruit
Related Links:http://www.ecofruit.net
Deposited By: Tagung, Ecofruit
ID Code:13637
Deposited On:24 Jul 2008
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:37
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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