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Covercrops in Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum)

Pedersen, Hanne Lindhard (2002) Covercrops in Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum). Acta Horticulturae, 585, pp. 633-638.

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Summary

With the objective to identify the effect of soil cultivation and nitrogen supply in organic production of blackcurrant a field trial was planted autumn 1996 under unsprayed conditions. The bush rows were cleaned mechanically for weed, and cover crops were established in the alleyways.
During establishment all four cover crops gave a sufficient nitrogen supply. The level of nitrogen in soil and the growth were smallest in the annual sown cover crop. Miniritzotrons were used to follow blackcurrant root growth in total mechanical cleaned plots and plots with sown alleyways. The maximum root dept of blackcurrants of 125 cm were obtained direct under the bush in autumn 1998, whereas the roots only were present down to 40 cm 1.5 meters from the centre of the row. The variety ‘Titania’ had a deeper root pattern than ‘Ben Lomond’. There were no significant yield differences among the soil treatments. There was a tendency to a higher yield for ‘Titania’ in 2000 in the annual sown cover crop, probably due to the deeper root pattern of ‘Titania’ and thereby less susceptibility to mechanical root damage. ‘Titania’ had the highest yield in the two cropping years 1999 and 2000; whereas, ‘Ben Lomond’ had a very low yield due to severe infections of American gooseberry mildew (Sphaerotheca mors-uvae); which caused very little shoot growth. ‘Farleigh’ was susceptible to white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola) and infections of leaf spot (Gloeosporidiella ribis) occurred every year. ‘Titania’ and ‘Intercontinental’ had the best field resistance to diseases.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Nitrogen, root growth, soil water, yield, field resistance to diseases.
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > IV.1 (EXUNIT) Experimental units for research in organic farming systems
Deposited By: Fjord, Miss Camilla
ID Code:133
Deposited On:10 Oct 2002
Last Modified:10 Aug 2012 11:11
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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