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Ecological Agriculture as a strategy to sustainable rural development as demonstrated in a Mexican Project

Hoffmann, Heide (1998) Ecological Agriculture as a strategy to sustainable rural development as demonstrated in a Mexican Project. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecological Agriculture, pp. 458-464.

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Summary

The Humboldt-University of Berlin, Germany and the University of Chapingo, Mexico are working together on a project named “Development of Environmental Agriculture in Central Countries of Mexico”. The study began two years ago. The main focus is the analysis and research of eco-logical agriculture as a strategy to sustainable rural development. My con-tribution will be to show the experiences with ecological agriculture on a long time project in Mexico in the State of Tlaxcala. The village Vicente Guerrero is located in the high area of Tlaxcala-Country (2600 m above sea level, on the north-side of Mexico City). Most of the fields are located on the hillsides. Water erosion is a big problem for soil fertilization. Corn, beans, pumpkins and wheat are the typical crops in this area. The village people work on small farms of 2-5 hectare land holdings. The project for integrated rural development started in 1982. It’s target is to make envi-ronmental methods in agriculture save the employment of inhabitants and to consolidate the regional structure. This is the first time that it was ac-knowledged that there were negative results of the “green revolution” in Tlaxcala. The harvest was lower and the cost of fertilizer and pesticides has increased. Also, the soil has eroded. At this moment, eight farmers of Vicente Guerrero went in for a class on soil protection and soil conserva-tion in Guatemala. This would be their first contact with the principles of ecological agriculture . After this course the farmers have started a consul-tation project in their own village and later for other farmers in the sur-rounding areas. Today eight advisors (2 women) are working with Vicente Guerrero. Many fields are being cultivated ecologically. Other responsibili-ties are the water management, feeding, traditional medicine, environ-mental education and national and international exchange of experiences. Here are some of the best demonstrations in the fields for normal living and some of the best examples of sustainable rural development.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:Mexiko, Landwirtschft, Alternativ
Subjects: Farming Systems
Research affiliation: Germany > University of Berlin - HU > Organic Agriculture and Horticulture
Deposited By: Hoffmann, Dr. Heide
ID Code:1303
Deposited On:29 Sep 2003
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:28
Document Language:German - Deutsch
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed
Additional Publishing Information:Weiterer Artikel zu diesem Thema:
Vergleich traditioneller und moderner ökologischer Anbauverfahren in der kleinbäuerlichen mexikanischen Landwirtschaft
Im Internet unter www.orgprints.org/00001301 erreichbar

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