home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

Catch Crops in Organic Farming Systems without Livestock Husbandry - Model Simulations

Müller, Dr. Torsten; Magid, Dr. Jakob; Jensen, Dr. Lars Stoumann; Nielsen, Dr. Niels Erik and Thorup-Kristensen, Dr. Kristian (2002) Catch Crops in Organic Farming Systems without Livestock Husbandry - Model Simulations. In: Kheoruenromme, Dr. Irb (Ed.) Conference Transactions, International Union of Soil Science, 830.1-830.9.

[img] PDF
224Kb

Summary

During the last years, an increasing number of stockless farms in Europe converted to organic farming practice without re-establishing a livestock. Due to the lack of animal manure as a nutrient input, the relocation and the external input of nutrients is limited in those organic cropping systems. The introduction of a one-year green manure fallow in a 4-year crop rotation, including clover-grass mixtures as a green manure crop is the classical strategy to solve at least some of the problems related to the missing livestock. The development of new crop rotations, including an extended use of catch crops and annual green manure (legumes) may be another possibility avoiding the economical loss during the fallow year.
Modelling of the C and N turnover in the soil-plant-atmosphere system using the soil-plant-atmosphere model DAISY is one of the tools used for the development of new organic crop rotations. In this paper, we will present simulations based on a field experiment with incorporation of different catch crops.
An important factor for the development of new crop rotations for stockless organic farming systems is the expected N mineralisation and immobilisation after incorporation of the plant materials. Therefore, special emphasise will be put on the simulation of N-mineralisation/-immobilisation and of soil microbial biomass N. Furthermore, particulate organic matter C and N as an indicator of remaining plant material under decomposition will be investigated.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:catch crop modelling Daisy mineral N soil microbial biomass
Subjects: Soil > Nutrient turnover
Crop husbandry > Production systems
Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Vegetables
Soil > Soil quality > Soil biology
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > IV.1 (EXUNIT) Experimental units for research in organic farming systems
Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > I. 3 (BIOMOD) Interaction between nitrogen dynamics, crop production and biodiversity
Deposited By: Jensen, Dr. Lars Stoumann
ID Code:127
Deposited On:08 Oct 2002
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:27
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

Repository Staff Only: item control page