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Physical Weed Control in Organic Carrot in Sicily (Italy)

Peruzzi, A.; Raffaelli, M.; Fontanelli, M.; Frasconi, C.; Ginanni, M. and Lulli, L. (2008) Physical Weed Control in Organic Carrot in Sicily (Italy). Poster at: Cultivating the Future Based on Science: 2nd Conference of the International Society of Organic Agriculture Research ISOFAR, Modena, Italy, June 18-20, 2008.

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Summary

Weeds are the major biotic factor that negatively affects organic carrot yield. As a matter of fact, weeds can reduce carrot growth from early stages to harvest because of the low competitive attitude of this vegetable. Innovative and conventional crop and weed managements were compared in an experiment carried out on farm in the Catania Plain (Sicily, Italy) in 2005-2006. Innovative planting pattern, operative machines (rolling harrow, flaming machine, precision hoe) and crop management increased carrot yield up to 8%, and also increased first category carrot yield and density, thus increasing production quality. Precision hoeing resulted in intra-row weed biomass decrease ranging between 55 to 97%, and in a total working time reduction up to 74%. Furthermore, the innovative crop and weed management systems reduced the costs for hand weeding and increased gross income.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:carrot, weed control, rolling harrow, flame weeding, precision hoe
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Weed management
Farming Systems > Buildings and machinery
Crop husbandry > Soil tillage
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2008: IFOAM OWC: Research Track / ISOFAR > 8.2 Mediterranean crop production
Deposited By: Fontanelli, PhD student Marco
ID Code:12331
Deposited On:02 Oct 2008
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:36
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:This paper is published in the conference proceedings:
Neuhoff, Daniel; Halberg, Niels; Alfldi, Thomas; Lockeretz, William; Thommen, Andreas; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Hermansen, John; Vaarst, Mette; Lck, Lorna; Carporali, Fabio; Jensen, Henning Hgh; Migliorini, Paola and Willer, Helga, Eds. (2008) .Cultivating the Future Based on Science. Proceedings of the Second Scientific Conference of the International Society of Organic Agriculture Research (ISOFAR), held at the 16th IFOAM Organic World Congress in Cooperation with the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) and the Consorzio ModenaBio, 18 . 20 June 2008 in Modena, Italy.. International Society of Organic Agriculture Research (ISOFAR), c/o IOL, DE-Bonn, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL, CH-Frick. http://orgprints.org/13672 and http://orgprints.org/13674

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