Haas, Guido; Wetterich, Frank and Köpke, Ulrich (2002) Nutrient cycle on organic farms: stall balance of a suckler herd and beef bulls. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 64, pp. 225-230.
In organic agriculture, the internal farm nutrient cycle must be quantified to ensure high system productivity along with environmentally sound production processes. In contrast to common farmgate and field balances, budgeting at the stable level is seldom undertaken. When budgeting mixed farming systems, a substantial lack of nutrients can be detected in the nutrient flow chain "forage and straw input - stable - manure output". Therefore, stable balances focus on a central component of whole farm nutrient budgets for developing efficient nutrient management strategies. At the experimental farm for organic agriculture Wiesengut in Hennef, Germany, all solid mass flows for a suckler herd and a herd of beef bulls were measured. Relative balance values obtained for dry matter and C (45 to 56%), N (16 to 36%), P (-7 to 22.5%), K (0 to 13%) and ash (-4 to 7%) showed a wide range. Balances are very sensitive to variations in mass flow and nutrient content for components with high nutrient contents and/or a large contribution to total mass flow (e.g. manure, silage). In developing strategies to minimize N losses, by reducing N surplus in the ration, it has to be considered, that in contrast to dairy farms, a suckler herd for beef production integrated in an organic farm has to adapt to crop production demands.
from: HAAS, G., B. CASPARI, U. KÖPKE 2002: Nutrient cycle on organic farms: stall balance of a suckler herd and beef bulls. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 64, 225-230.
|EPrint Type:||Journal paper|
|Keywords:||nutrient, balance, budget, cycling, stable balance, nutrient management, suckler cow, beef bull|
|Subjects:|| Soil > Nutrient turnover|
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Beef cattle
|Research affiliation:||Germany > University of Bonn > Institute of Organic Agriculture|
|Related Links:||http://www.in-cites.com/journals/2002menu.html, http://www.kluweronline.com/issn/1385-1314/contents|
|Deposited By:||Haas, Dr. Guido|
|Deposited On:||14 Jan 2004|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2010 07:28|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
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