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Development of organic farming Europe – implications for Agenda 2000. Paper presented to Soil Association seminar, Organic Farming and Agenda 2000 CAP Reform, Highgrove, 18th February 1999

Lampkin, Nic (1999) Development of organic farming Europe – implications for Agenda 2000. Paper presented to Soil Association seminar, Organic Farming and Agenda 2000 CAP Reform, Highgrove, 18th February 1999. University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Institute of Rural Sciences. [Unpublished]

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Summary

Organic farming is increasingly recognised, by consumers, farmers, environmentalists and policy-makers, as one of a number of possible models for environmental, social and financial sustainability in agriculture. It has taken a long time to get this far. Organic farming’s roots can be traced back more than 100 years. Certified organic production dates back 25-30 years (70 years in the case of Demeter-certified bio-dynamic production).
Yet little more than one percent of agriculture in Europe is organic, and much less than that in other parts of the world. Many have argued that organic farming will never capture the hearts and minds of the majority of farmers, because it is too idealistic and restrictive. What is needed, they argue, is an intermediate approach, such as integrated crop management or an ill-specified ‘low-input’ or ‘sustainable’ agriculture that is not as ‘extreme’ as organic farming and is therefore more likely to be acceptable to the majority of farmers.
Policy-makers face a difficult choice. Should they encourage more organic farming, which, as research increasingly demonstrates, often offers more environmental and other benefits than the intermediate approaches, but is believed to be only a minority interest? Or should they encourage the intermediate approaches, which, although the environmental benefits are more limited, may be adopted by more farmers, with possibly greater overall impact?
This paper discuses the growth of organic farming in Europe, the potential and pre-conditions for widespread conversion, integraed action plans and the policy challenge for farmers.


EPrint Type:Other
Keywords:Agenda 2000; growth; policy; conversion
Subjects: Food systems > Policy environments and social economy
"Organics" in general
Values, standards and certification
Research affiliation: UK > Soil Association
European Union > Effects of the CAP Reform OFCAP
UK > Univ. Aberystwyth > Institute for Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS)
Deposited By: Lampkin, Dr Nicolas
ID Code:11027
Deposited On:19 Jul 2007
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:35
Document Language:English
Status:Unpublished
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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