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Organic Dairy Production - A Review

Nicholas, Phillipa; Padel, Susanne; Cuttle, S P; Fowler, S M; Hovi, M; Lampkin, N H and Weller, R F (2004) Organic Dairy Production - A Review. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, 22, pp. 217-249.

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Summary

Organic farming aims to create an integrated, humane, environmentally and economically sustainable agricultural system. For organic dairy systems, the fulfilment of these aims requires the understanding and integration of a number of systems components including land use (mixed or dairy only) and stocking rate; grassland and forage production (including quantity and quality); potential milk yield (and milk quality); animal nutrition (largely farm based) and health; environmental sustainability such as farm nutrient balance; the financial status of the farm (including enterprise performance, fixed costs and labour use and farm income and profit) and finally the policy environment in which organic dairy systems operate. This review discusses worldwide research undertaken into each of these key components of organic dairy production systems. As converting organic dairy systems are often considerably different to established organic systems, both the converting and developed organic dairy system are discussed in this paper.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:land use, stocking rate, grassland, forage production, milk yield, feeding, whole farm nutrient balancing, animal health, financial performance
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Dairy cattle
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Farming Systems > Farm economics
Research affiliation: UK > Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research (IGER)
UK > Univ. Reading, VEERU
UK > Univ. Aberystwyth > Institute for Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS)
Deposited By: Padel, Dr Susanne
ID Code:10861
Deposited On:25 May 2007
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:35
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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