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Influence of inoculum density of the antagonistic bacteria Pseudomonas fluorescens and Pseudomonas corrugata on sugar beet seedling colonisation and suppression of Pythium damping off

Schmidt, C. S., ; Agostini, F., ; Leifert, C., ; Killham, K., and Mullins, C. E., (2004) Influence of inoculum density of the antagonistic bacteria Pseudomonas fluorescens and Pseudomonas corrugata on sugar beet seedling colonisation and suppression of Pythium damping off. Plant and Soil, 265 (1-2), pp. 111-122.

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Summary

The effect of initial inoculum density of the antagonistic bacterial strains Pseudomonas fluorescens 135 and Pseudomonas corrugata 2140 (10(3) to 10(8) CFU per seed pellet) on sugar beet seedling colonisation, in situ bioluminescence and antagonistic activity towards Pythium ultimum was investigated. Populations of the bacteria colonising sugar beet root systems approached an apparent carrying capacity of 10(5) to 10(6) CFU per plant after 12 d growth, irrespective of inoculum density. This meant an up to 320-fold population increase at low inoculum densities and a decrease at high densities. Population densities of both bacteria and their corresponding in situ bioluminescence (resulting from luciferase enzyme expression from the inserted luxAB genes) reached highest levels in the hypocotyl region and in the upper root region 0-20 mm below seed level (10(4)-10(6) CFU/cm section, 10(1)-10(3) RLU/cm section) and decreased with root depth. In situ bioluminescence, which indicates physiological activity, was measurable at lowest antagonist initial inoculum density (10(3) CFU per seed pellet) and did not increase significantly with increasing inoculum density. Bioluminescence was also significantly correlated with population density. For Pseudomonas fluorescens B5, the total population size per plant and downward colonisation of the root (below 40 mm depth) increased significantly with antagonist inoculum density applied to the seeds. For Pseudomonas corrugata 2140, no significant influence of initial inoculum density on root colonisation was observable. Survival and dry weight of sugar beet seedlings in Pythium infested soil increased significantly with increasing inoculum density of Pseudomonas fluorescens B5, whereas for Pseudomonas corrugata 2140, initial densities of 10(4) to 10(6) CFU per seed resulted in maximal survival of plants.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:antagonism; bioluminescence; dose-response; lux-marking; rhizosphere; root colonization DOSE-RESPONSE RELATIONSHIPS; BIOLOGICAL-CONTROL; ROOT COLONIZATION; PERICARP COLONIZATION; FUSARIUM-WILT; SINGLE-CELL; TAKE-ALL; SOIL; RHIZOSPHERE; POPULATION
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Soil > Soil quality > Soil biology
Research affiliation: UK > Other organizations
UK > ADAS
UK > Univ. Newcastle
Deposited By: Leifert, Prof. Carlo
ID Code:10763
Deposited On:14 May 2007
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:35
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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