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Short-term carbon and nitrogen cycling in urine patches assessed by combined carbon-13 and nitrogen-15 labelling.

Ambus, P.; Petersen, S.O. and Soussana, J.-F. (2007) Short-term carbon and nitrogen cycling in urine patches assessed by combined carbon-13 and nitrogen-15 labelling. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 121, pp. 84-92.

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Online at: doi:10.1016/j.agee.2006.12.007

Summary

Deposition of urine and dung by grazing animals is a strong source for N2O production and evolution in grass pastures. Investigations have shown that at least 20% of the annual losses of N2O from a grazed pasture may be associated with urine patches. Moreover, it is well known that urine depositions causes plant damage (scorching) and root death. It can therefore be hypothesized that organic C is released, which may further stimulate the production of N2O. In this study we have used combined 13C-pulse labeling and 15N-labeled urine in order to determine the amount of plant derived C respired in response to the urine application and assess the N2O emission factor from urine patches. Over a six weeks course the cumulated amount of CO2 evolved equaled the quantity of organic C added with the urine, however, the amount of non-plant derived carbon approximated 50% of the total CO2 release. Emissions of N2O-N amounted 0.20% to 0.26% in urine patches, and 0.14% with mineral N. These results indicate that more urine-N is susceptible to transformation and losses as N2O than mineral N.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Pasture and forage crops
Environmental aspects > Air and water emissions
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > I.13 (DINOG) Dinitrogen fixation and nitrous oxide losses in grass-clover pastures
Deposited By: Ambus, Professor Per
ID Code:10143
Deposited On:01 Oct 2007
Last Modified:04 Jun 2013 11:05
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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