Lindhard Pedersen, Hanne; Olsen, A.; Horsted, K.; Korsgaard, Maren and Pedersen, Birgitte (2004) Combined production of broilers and fruits. In: Eco-fruit, Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau e. V. Weinsberg, pp. 131-136.
Combined production of broilers and fruit trees is a subject often discussed in organic fruit prodution in Denmark. Very little research has been carried out on this type of production system. In organic production in Denmark, nearly no pesticides are allowed, so the need for alternative pest control is large. Apple sawfly (Hoplocampa testudinea) and pear midge (Contarinia pyrivora) cause big crop losses in apples and pears respectively, in unsprayed organic fruit production. Both insects infest fruitlets and cause these to drop prematurely after which the pests pupate in the topsoil. In the present experiment a research orchard with the varieties 'Discovery' and 'Conference' were used as outdoor area for broilers to minimise the population of sawflies and pear midges, and to reduce the need for weeding and manuring. The trees were kept unsprayed. Fruit yield and fruit quality were assessed at harvest. White sticky traps were placed in the test area in order to measure the occurrence of sawfly over time. The infestation of pear midge was investigated counting the infested fruitlets in clusters on trees at the centre of the plots. The catch of apple sawflies was reduced in the combined apple and broiler production., but no significant effect on the yield or the fruit quality was seen. Experiences from on-farm research show that combining fruit and egg-production is one way to reduce the problem with apple sawfly, but poultry alone is not a sufficient way of controlling sawflies. The welfare and health of the broilers were excellent under fruit trees.
|EPrint Type:||Conference paper, poster, etc.|
|Type of presentation:||Paper|
|Keywords:||Organic, apple, pear apple sawfly, Hoplocampa testudinea, pear midge, Contarinia pyrivora, yield, fruit quality, animal welfare|
|Research affiliation:||Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > I. 2 (ORGAPP) Sustainable production systems for apples|
|Deposited By:||Fjord, Miss Camilla|
|Deposited On:||07 Dec 2006|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2010 07:34|
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