Hansen, L.L.; Claudi-Magnussen, C.; Jensen, S.K. and Andersen, H.J. (2006) Effect of organic pig production systems on performance and meat quality. Meat Science (74), pp. 605-615.
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The present study was carried out to establish knowledge of consequence for setting up guidelines of importance for production of competitive organic pork of high quality. Performance and meat quality characteristics were compared between three organic pig production systems based on indoor housing with access to an outdoor area and a Danish conventional indoor system including 100% concentrate during the ﬁnishing feeding stage.
The three organic systems used the following three feeding regimes: 100% organic concentrate according to Danish recommendations, 70% organic concentrate (restricted) plus ad libitum organic barley/pea silage and 70% organic concentrate (restricted) plus ad libitum organic clover grass silage, respectively. With exception of a slightly lower daily gain in organic pigs fed 100% concentrate, no signiﬁcant difference was found in performance and meat quality characteristics compared with results obtained in the conventional system. In contrast and independent of roughage used, organic pigs raised on 70% concentrate had a signiﬁcant reduction in daily gain (P < 0.001) compared with pigs raised on 100% concentrate, despite the fact that no diﬀerence in feed conversion rate was seen between the tested production systems. However, the percentage of leanness increased signiﬁcantly in meat from organic pigs raised on 70% concentrate plus roughage compared with meat from pigs given 100% concentrate. This was reﬂected in higher yield (weight) of lean cuts and lower yield of cuts with high fat content from pigs fed 70% concentrate plus roughage. In general, organic feeding resulted in a signiﬁcantly higher content of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the back fat (1.8%), which increased further when restricted feeding plus roughage (4%) was used. Restricted concentrate feeding gave rise to a decrease in tenderness compared with pork from pigs fed 100% concentrate.
|EPrint Type:||Journal paper|
|Keywords:||Organic; Pig; Production systems; Performance; Pork; Quality; Yield|
|Subjects:||Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth|
|Research affiliation:||Denmark > Other organizations|
|Deposited By:||Balling, Anne Hjorth|
|Deposited On:||07 Dec 2006|
|Last Modified:||30 Apr 2013 21:22|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
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